(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
n. destruction, downfall, perdition; wreck, remains, relic.
See failure, remainder. — v. t. wreck, raze, demolish; impoverish, seduce, etc. See impurity, poverty.
(Roget's IV) n.
1. [The act of destruction]
Syn. extinction, demolition, overthrow; see destruction 1 , wreck 1 .
2. [A building fallen into decay]
Syn. wreck, vestige, remains, rubble; see ruins , wreck 2 .
3. [The state of destruction]
Syn. dilapidation, waste, wreck; see destruction 2 .
See Synonym Study at destruction . Syn.- ruin implies a state of decay, disintegration, etc. especially through such natural processes as age and weather [ the barn is in a state of ruin] ; destruction implies annihilation or demolition, as by fire, explosion, flood, etc. [ the destruction of the village in an air raid ] ; havoc suggests total destruction or devastation, as following an earthquake or hurricane [ the storm wreaked havoc along the coast ] ; dilapidation implies a state of ruin or shabbiness resulting from neglect [ the dilapidation of a deserted house ] v.
1. [To destroy]
Syn. injure, overthrow, demolish; see destroy 1 , ravage .
2. [To cause to become bankrupt]
Syn. impoverish, bankrupt, beggar, reduce, pauperize, fleece, make penniless, bring to destitution, bring to want, drain, exhaust, wreck, break, bust*, clean out*, cook one's goose*, do in*, do for*, wipe out*.
Ant. help*, pay, fund.
3. [To destroy chastity]
Syn. rape, despoil, ravish; see rape .
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus)
1. remains of a collapsed or decayed building or city remnants, wreckage, vestige, relics, debris, rubble. ''Time s slow finger written in the dust. —Anna Barbauld.
2. destruction downfall, collapse, ruination, undoing, failure, decay, devastation, doom, fall, desolation, skids, extinction, Waterloo.
destroy, wreck, devastate, wipe out, demolish, decimate, desolate, smash, crush, lay waste, bankrupt, defeat.
(Roget's Thesaurus II) I noun 1. The act of destroying or state of being destroyed: bane, destruction, devastation, havoc, ruination, undoing, wrack1, wreck, wreckage. See HELP, LEFTOVER. 2. Something that causes total loss or severe impairment, as of one's health, fortune, honor, or hopes: bane, destroyer, destruction, downfall, ruination, undoing, wrecker. See HELP. 3. The remains of something destroyed, disintegrated, or decayed: debris, rubble, wrack2, wreck, wreckage. See LEFTOVER. II verb 1. To cause the complete ruin or wreckage of: bankrupt, break down, cross up, demolish, destroy, finish, shatter, sink, smash, spoil, torpedo, undo, wash up, wrack2, wreck. Slang: total. Idiom: put the kibosh on. See HELP. 2. To make or become unusable or inoperative: break, fail. Slang: bust. See HELP. 3. To impair severely something such as the spirit, health, or effectiveness of: break, crush, destroy, overwhelm. See HELP. 4. To reduce to financial insolvency: bankrupt, break, bust, impoverish, pauperize. Slang: clean out. See MONEY.

English dictionary for students. 2013.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • ruin — n Ruin, havoc, devastation, destruction are comparable when they mean the bringing about of disaster or what is left by a disaster. They are general terms which do not definitely indicate the cause or the effect yet suggest the kind of force… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Ruin — Ru in, n. [OE. ruine, F. ruine, fr. L. ruina, fr. ruere, rutum, to fall with violence, to rush or tumble down.] 1. The act of falling or tumbling down; fall. [Obs.] His ruin startled the other steeds. Chapman. [1913 Webster] 2. Such a change of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ruin — [ro͞o′ən] n. [ME ruine < OFr < L ruina < ruere, to fall, hurl to the ground < IE * ereu < base * er , to set in motion, erect > RUN, RISE] 1. Archaic a falling down, as of a building, wall, etc. 2. [pl.] the remains of a fallen… …   English World dictionary

  • Ruin — Ru in, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Ruined};p. pr. & vb. n. {Ruining}.] [Cf. F. ruiner, LL. ruinare. See {Ruin}, n.] To bring to ruin; to cause to fall to pieces and decay; to make to perish; to bring to destruction; to bring to poverty or bankruptcy; to …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ruin — Ru in, v. i. To fall to ruins; to go to ruin; to become decayed or dilapidated; to perish. [R.] [1913 Webster] Though he his house of polished marble build, Yet shall it ruin like the moth s frail cell. Sandys. [1913 Webster] If we are idle, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ruin — Sm Zustand der Vernichtung erw. fremd. Erkennbar fremd (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. ruine, dieses aus l. ruīna Zusammensturz, Trümmer ; Ruine. Verb: ruinieren; Adjektiv: ruinös.    Ebenso nndl. ruïne, ne. ruin, nschw. ruin, nnorw. ruin …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • ruin — adjetivo 1. (antepuesto / pospuesto) Uso/registro: elevado. Que es malvado y despreciable: Alicia es una persona ruin. Alberto me ha escrito una carta ruin. Tus ruines palabras se me quedaron grabadas en la memoria. 2. Uso/registro: elevado. Que… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

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  • ruin — [n] situation of devastation atrophy, bane, bankruptcy, bath, breakdown, collapse, confusion, crackup, crash, crumbling, damage, decay, defeat, degeneracy, degeneration, demolition, destitution, destruction, deterioration, dilapidation,… …   New thesaurus

  • Ruin — »Zusammenbruch, Zerrüttung, Untergang«: Das seit dem 17. Jh. bezeugte »Ruin« ist identisch mit dem seit dem 16. Jh. bezeugten Ruine »zerfallenes Bauwerk, Trümmer«, übertragen auch »Wrack, hinfälliger Mensch«. Beide sind aus gleichbed. frz. ruine… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Ruin — [Aufbauwortschatz (Rating 1500 3200)] Auch: • Untergang • ruinieren • zugrunde richten Bsp.: • Der Verlust seiner Arbeit bedeutete für ihn den Ruin …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

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